Irritable bowel syndrome ( علاج القولون العصبي), more commonly known as the IBS is a general disorder affecting your large intestine causing constipation, diarrhea, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, cramping and both diarrhea and constipation. This chronic condition can only be managed over long term actions. Not many individuals suffer from severe symptoms or signs of IBS and most of them can manage the symptoms by controlling their stress level, lifestyles, and diet. Counseling and medication may be required for the more severe form of symptoms.
Individuals suffering from IBS experience different signs and symptoms, but the commonest forms are:
Still, the exact cause of IBS is not fully understood. But, there are several factors which may play a significant role in the progression of the disease. They include:
Contraction of muscles inside the intestine
When the foods go through the digestive tract the muscle layers present at the inner walls of the intestine get contracted. Too much contraction can result in diarrhea, bloating and gas formation while less contraction may cause dry and hard stool (constipation).
Problems in the nervous system
If there are problems in the nervous system associated with the digestive tract may result in more than normal discomfort when there are gas or hard stool formation inside your digestive tract. Wrong signals and coordination between the nerve endings and your brain may result in constipation, diarrhea and pain.
Increased immune response and infection
Presence of too many cells related to your immune system inside the intestine can result in diarrhea and stomach pain. Similarly, if you are suffering from a severe infection (gastroenteritis) that may be viral or bacterial, then you may have IBS symptoms.
Alteration in your gut microflora
There are many beneficial microorganisms present in your digestive tract having an important role in your health. Individuals with IBS may have different gut microflora than normal people.
Modifications in diet along with changes in lifestyles are the primary means of IBS treatment. You have to identify and avoid foods that are triggering IBS in your case. Additionally, you can take Antidepressants, Antibiotics, Anti-anxiety medications, Antispasmodics and Over-the-counter laxatives to control IBS bouts. Also check علاج للقولون العصبي